Host Report With Reasons


Herbivores associated with a host plant - Information from Plant-SyNZ (http://plant-synz.landcareresearch.co.nz/index.asp)
Adventive herbivore species selected. Report created on 23/06/2021 5:17:55 p.m.
Grouped alphabetically

Plant species: Pittosporum tenuifolium Sol. ex Gaertn., Pittosporaceae (Pittosporum family), Apiales, Magnoliopsida, Spermatophyta
Biostatus: Endemic, Wild, New Zealand

Herbivore species and reliability score: 0-10. 10 indicating excellent evidence for the association_

10 Aphis craccivora Koch, 1854 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) - Sucking bug
aphid, sucking insect; polyphagous with a preference for Fabaceae (= Leguminosae)

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: colony of aphids on host plant (NA Martin 2008, identified by Bob Foottit), plant at Mount Albert Research Centre, Auckland City Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Aphis spiraecola Patch, 1914 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) - Sucking bug
aphid; sucking insect, very polyphagous

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: aphid colony on plant found by NA Martin (Teulon et al 2010) Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

9 Bombus (Bombus) terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) supsp. audax Harris, 1776 (Hymenoptera: Apidae) - Wasp
bumble bee; queen makes nest underground; nests have cells with pollen and nectar; workers, males and females (queens) are produced

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: bees foraging on flowers (RP Macfarlane in Donovan 2007) Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Ceroplastes destructor Newstead, 1917 (Hemiptera: Coccidae) - Sucking bug
scale insect; covered with thick, white, soft wax, 'wet' to touch; strongly convex and irregular in shape; host plants trees and shrubs, a pest of citrus; parthenogenetic in New Zealand

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: scales recorded from host plant (Morrison 2006) Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Coccus hesperidum Linnaeus, 1758 (Hemiptera: Coccidae) - Sucking bug
brown scale insect; lives on leaves and stems

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: scale found on plants in Christchurch (E Hume 2009, identified by RC Henderson) Scored by: N.A. Martin on 07 Apr 2013

10 Hemiberlesia rapax (Comstock, 1881) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) - Sucking bug
scale insect; female cover oval, beige, convex, higher at one end and tilted over at site of dark brown-black exuvia, body deep yellow, crawlers yellow; lives on leaves, stems, fruit & bark of trees

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: mature scale on host plant (Henderson 2011) Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Icerya purchasi Maskell, 1879 (Hemiptera: Monophlebidae) - Sucking bug
scale insect; mature female with large white cottony cushion

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: scale found on host plant in Scion high risk site surveillance (Anon 2009) Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Monteithiella humeralis (Walker, 1868) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) - Sucking bug
shield bug; from Australia; brown adults and nymphs; feed on fruit of Pittosporum species

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: adults collected from host plant (Larivier 1995), breeds on Pittosporum species; adults reared from nymphs on plant (NA Martin 2010) Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on 06 Dec 2010

9 Muscina stabulans (Fallen, 1817) (Diptera: Muscidae) - Fly
fly

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: adult feeding on gum oozing from tree (Tenquist 1980 Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner, 1861) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) - Sucking bug
scale insect; oval black; on twigs and leaves of plants

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: scale found on host plant in an urban area (RC Henderson 2007) Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

9 Pseudococcus viburni (Signoret, 1875) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) - Sucking bug
mealybug; female body oval, greyish pink, covered with powdery white wax extending into 17 pairs of short lateral filaments; lives on herbs, shrubs and small trees

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: female of mealybugs found on host plant (JD Fletcher 2007, identified in the Netherlands); infestation found on plant in the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum, Berlin, Germany Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer, de, Fonscolombe, 1841) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) - Sucking bug
aphid; feeds on young leaves and cause leaves to curl, edge of wing has black mark; highly polyphagous

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: colony of aphids on plant at Mount Albert Research Centre, Auckland (NA Martin 2008, identified by Bob Foottit) Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown

10 Vespula germanica (Fabricius, 1793) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) - Wasp
wasp; feeds on insects and nectar and honeydew; makes paper nests above or below ground for large colonies

Biostatus: adventive
Reasons for score: adults feeding on gum oozing from tree (Tenquist 1980 Reference Scored by: N.A. Martin on unknown